Test cricket between subcontinental neighbours India and Bangladesh dates back to the beginning of this millennium, November 10, 2000 to be precise. The ICC, which was then headed by Jagmohan Dalmiya, pushed for Test status for Bangladesh — a trifle too early, many believed. Bangladesh thus became the 10th Test-playing nation and the last country so far to receive Test status from the ICC, in July 2000.
Sourav Ganguly and Naimur Rahman led the two sides on this historic occasion, the match played at the Bangabandhu National Stadium in Dhaka (now no more a cricket venue).
Since then, India and Bangladesh have played only eight Tests against each other. Interestingly, Bangladesh have toured every Test nation, but will be playing their first ever game on Indian soil after appearing in 97 Tests (44 away) in the last 16 years.
This one-off Test in Hyderabad starting on February 9 will be keenly watched one as Bangladesh seem to be a new and emerging force in world cricket, given their recent encouraging performances against England at home and in New Zealand.
Inaugural Test match, Nov 1-13, 2000 — India won by 9 wickets
Bangladesh began their Test campaign in style before a near-capacity crowd of around 40,000 at the Bangabandu National Stadium as they reached a respectable 239 for 6 on the opening day, thanks to 71 from Habibul Bashar and an unbeaten 70 from Aminul Islam. On the second day, Islam duly completed his century, the first three-figure individual score for Bangladesh in Test cricket, as the home side reached 400 runs in 153.3 overs. Left-arm spinner Sunil Joshi finished with figures of 5 for 142 in 45.3 overs. In reply, the Indians could just manage a small lead of 29 runs, thanks to the contributions from Ganguly (84), in his first Test as India skipper, and a fighting 92 by Joshi at No. 8. Bangladesh’s captain Naimur Rahman claimed his country’s first five-wicket haul to finish with 6 for 132 in 44.3 overs. In their second essay, the home side lost wickets at regular intervals to be dismissed for 91 in 46.3 overs. The Karnataka pair of Javagal Srinath and Joshi claimed three wickets each as India won by nine wickets on the fourth day. Joshi deservedly won the Man of the match award.
Second tour in December 2004. India won series 2-0 (2)
India undertook their second tour of Bangladesh in December 2004. After sending in the home side to bat in Dhaka on a pitch with a bit of bounce, the Indian pacers led by Irfan Pathan (5 for 45) and Zaheer Khan (2 for 51) scythed through the top order as Bangladesh were dismissed for 184. Only Mohammad Ashraful (60*) and Mohammad Rafique (47) managed to contribute to the home side’s cause. Anil Kumble claimed his 435th Test wicket (of Rafique), which made him India’s leading wicket-taker in Tests. India secured a huge lead of 342 runs, only thanks to a record tenth-wicket stand of 133 between Sachin Tendulkar and Zaheer, who made 75, then the highest score by a Test No. 11. Tendulkar reached an unbeaten 248 (552m, 379b, 35f), his highest first-class score. Tendulkar’s 34th Test century drew him level with Sunil Gavaskar’s record. In their second knock, the Bangladeshis fared slightly better by crossing 200, largely thanks to Nafis Iqbal’s 54 and Manjural Islam Rana’s fighting 69. Irfan Pathan’s 6 for 51 took his tally to 11 in the match and he deservedly was the man of the match. India won by an innings and 140 runs.
The next Test was played at the MA Aziz Stadium in Chittagong that had none of the pace and bounce of Dhaka. India won the toss and amassed 540 in 148.2 overs. Gautam Gambhir (139) made his maiden Test century, while Rahul Dravid (160) reached his 18th Test century, thus making him the first and only batsman until January this year to register centuries in all ten-Test playing countries. In reply, Bangladesh managed to make 333, mainly because of a spirited unbeaten 158 from Mohd Ashraful, then the highest by a Bangladeshi in Tests. Following on, the home side could muster just 124 in 26.4 overs as Irfan Pathan (5 for 32) claimed his third five-wicket haul in two Tests, India winning by an innings & 83 runs to take the series 2-0. Ashraful was the man of the match, while Pathan with 18 wickets, was the man of the series.
Third tour in May 2007. India won series 1-0 (2)
This tour came soon after the dismal performance in the 2007 World Cup in the Caribbean, where the Indians had lost to Bangladesh. The opening Test at the Divisional Stadium (later the Bir Shrestha Shahid Ruhul Amin Stadium and the Zohur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium) in Chittagong was affected by rain. Only 219 overs were possible, with 20 on the second day and none at all on the third. Batting first after winning the toss, India lost Wasim Jaffer off the first ball of the match to Mashrafe Mortaza. But contributions from Dinesh Karthik (56), captain Rahul Dravid (61), Sachin Tendulkar (101) and Sourav Ganguly (100) allowed India to declare at 387 for 8 in 98.5 overs. With rain playing truant on the second and third days, the home side, buoyed by 79 from Mortaza, were dismissed for 238 on the fourth day. With a lead of 149 runs, the Indians made a quick declaration by scoring 100 for 6 in just 24 overs. Set a target of 250 in about 43 overs, the home side held on to reach 104 for 2 in 28. Bangladesh thus achieved only their fifth draw in their 45th Test. The man of the match award went to Mortaza.
The next Test was played at a new Test venue – the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium at Mirpur in Dhaka, the 95th in Test cricket. After being put into bat, the top four Indian batsmen made centuries – a first in Test cricket history. Dinesh Kartik hit 129, Wasim Jaffer, who had bagged a pair in the previous Test, made 138 (retd hurt), Rahul Dravid 129 and Sachin Tendulkar 122 not out as India declared at 610 for 3, their highest total against Bangladesh. The home side was dismissed for 118 and 253 after following on, provided India’s biggest victory margin in Test cricket – by an innings and 239 runs. Zaheer Khan with figures of 5 for 34 and 2 for 54 won the man of the match.
Fourth tour in January 2010. India won series 2-0 (2)
Under stand-in captain Virender Sehwag (MS Dhoni was out with back trouble), India were dismissed for their lowest against Bangladesh – 243 in 70.5 overs, after being put in to bat. Even that total was thanks to Sachin Tendulkar’s unbeaten 105 – his 44th Test century. While doing so, he also became the first to cross 13,000 runs in Tests. Shahadat Hossain (5 for 71) and Shakib Al Hasan (5 for 62) shared the wickets. In reply, Mahmudulah’s 69 at No. 8 could not secure the first-innings lead for the home side as they fell one short of India’s total. In the second knock, Gautam Gambhir’s 116 – his fifth in consecutive Tests – and an unbeaten 69 from VVS Laxman enabled India to declare at 413 for 8. In the fourth innings, the home side put up a spirited show, with wicketkeeper Mushfiqur Rahim (101) making his maiden Test century. But the visitors won by 113 runs. Sachin Tendulkar was the man of the match.
For the second successive Test match, Mahmudulah batting at No. 8 came to the home side’s rescue. His unbeaten 96 in 156 balls with 13 fours enabled Bangladesh to reach 233 after they had lost their first eight wickets for 155. Ishant Sharma claimed four wickets. Centuries from Rahul Dravid (111 retd hurt) and Sachin Tendulkar (143), 68 from Gautam Gambhir, his 11th 50 in successive Test matches, and 89 from skipper MS Dhoni took India past 500 runs. In their second innings, thanks to Tamim Iqbal’s 151 (183b, 18×4, 3×6) Bangladesh had reached 290 for 3, just 21 runs behind, when Zaheer Khan in a magical spell destroyed the home team as Bangladesh lost their last seven wickets for just 22 runs. Zaheer’s 7 for 87 in 20.3 overs remains the best bowling figures in the series between the two sides. Needing two runs to win, the visitors got them via two byes off the second ball as India won by 10 wickets. Both the man of match (10 wickets) and man of the series (15 wickets) awards deservedly went to Zaheer.
Fifth tour in June 2015. The only Test match was drawn
After a gap of over five years and under a new captain Virat Kohli, India made their fifth and final tour of Bangladesh to play their eighth Test match against this opponent in 15 years. This was the first time Bangladesh were hosting a Test in the month of June. It soon became apparent that rain would play an important part in this encounter. With just 184.2 overs possible in five days, and no play at all on the second day, a draw was the only inevitable result. This was only the second time in eight Tests that Bangladesh had managed to escape defeat, thanks to the weather. Shikhar Dhawan (173) and M Vijay (150) put on 283, India’s fourth biggest opening stand in Tests. Later in the innings, Ajinkya Rahane hit an attractive 98 which enabled India to declare at 462 for 6 on the fourth day that saw play only for one session. Tamim Iqbal became Bangladesh’s leading Test run-getter when he overtook the tally of 3026 runs by Habibul Bashar. Imrul Kayes’s 72 and debutant wicketkeeper Liton Das’s 44 in 45 balls took the home side to 256. R Ashwin (5 for 87) claimed his 10th five-wicket haul, but his first away from home. Following on, for the third time against India, Bangladeshi reached 23 without loss in the 15 overs they got to face. The man of the match award went to Dhawan.
Head to head Results
Match by match results
|No||venue||Win||result||Start Date||End date||Season||Days|
|2||Dhaka||Ind||Inn & 140 runs||10-Dec-04||13-Dec-04||2004-05||4|
|3||Chittagong MAA||Ind||Inn & 83 runs||17-Dec-04||20-Dec-04||2004-05||4|
|4||Chittagong DS||Match drawn||18-May-07||22-May-07||2007||5+|
|5||Mirpur||Ind||Inn & 239 runs||25-May-07||27-May-07||2007||3|
|6||Chittagong DS||Ind||113 runs||17-Jan-10||21-Jan-10||2009-10||5|
+ includes one whole day without play ie without a ball bowled the entire day.
|No||Venue||Month, Year||Mts||Ind||Ban||D||Series won by|
Highest team totals
For India: 610-3d at Mirpur, 2007
For Bangladesh: 400-10 at Dhaka, 2000-01
Lowest team totals
For India: 243-10 at Chittagong DS, 2009-10
For Bangladesh: 91-10 at Dhaka, 2000-01
Highest individual scores
|3||160||Rahul Dravid||Chittagong MAA||2004-05|
|6||139||Gautam Gambhir||Chittagong MAA||2004-05|
|11||116||Gautam Gambhir||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
|13||105*||Sachin Tendulkar||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
|14||101||Sachin Tendulkar||Chittagong DS||2007|
|15||100||Sourav Ganguly||Chittagong DS||2007|
Most 100s: Sachin Tendulkar 5, Rahul Dravid 3, Gautam Gambhir 2
|1||158*||Mohammad Ashraful||Chittagong MAA||2004-05|
|4||101||Mushfiqur Rahim||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
For India: 820 runs (ave 136.67) by Sachin Tendulkar in 7 matches
For Bangladesh: 386 runs (ave 42.89) by Mohd Ashraful in 6 matches
Best bowling performances (in an innings)
|3||5||32||Irfan Pathan||Chittagong MAA||2004-05|
|2||5||62||Shakib Al Hasan||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
|3||5||71||Shahadat Hossain||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
Best bowling performances (in a match)
|1||7||174||Shakib Al Hasan||Chittagong DS||2009-10|
For India: 31 wickets (ave 24.26) by Zaheer Khan in 7 matches
For Bangladesh: 15 wickets (ave 46.40) by Mohd Rafique in 5 matches
India in Tests (from 1932 to 2016)In all Test matches
Bangladesh in Tests (from 2000 to 2017)
Highest team totals
For India: 759-7d v England at Chennai, 2016-17
For Bangladesh: 638-10 v Sri Lanka at Galle, 2012-13
Lowest team totals
For India: 42-9 v England at Lords, 1974
For Bangladesh: 62-10 v Sri Lanka at Colombo, PSS 2007
Highest individual scores
For India: 319 Virender Sehwag v South Africa Chennai, 2007-08
For Bangladesh: 217 Shakib Al Hasan v New Zealand, Wellington 2016-17
For India: 15,921, Sachin Tendulkar in 200 Tests, ave 53.79, 100s: 51
For Bangladesh: 3443, Tamim Iqbal in 46 Tests, ave 39.57, 100s: 8
Best Bowling performances (in an innings)
For India: 10 for 74, Anil Kumble v Pakistan, Delhi 1998-99
For Bangladesh: 8 for 39, Taijul Islam v Zimbabwe, Mirpur 2014-15
Best Bowling performances (in a match)
For India: 16/136, Narendra Hirwani v West Indies, Chennai 1987-88
For Bangladesh: 12/159, Mehedi Hasan v England, Mirpur 2016-17
For India: 619, Anil Kumble in 132 Tests, ave 29.65, 5wkt: 35, 10w: 8
For Bangladesh: 165, Shakib Al Hasan in 46 Tests, ave 32.15, 5wkt: 15, 10w: 1