Kohli's duck was his first as Test captain; his last one came in England in August 2014 at Old Trafford. © AFP

Kohli’s duck was his first as Test captain; his last one came in England in August 2014 at Old Trafford. © AFP

All good things must come to an end, and so they did, at the Maharashtra State Cricket Association Stadium at Gahunje in Pune. Back in 2001 and 2008, India halted Australia’s winning streak with wins in Kolkata (2001) and Perth (2008). On Saturday (January 25), it was Australia’s turn to pay India back in the same coin: the Indians’ record 19 match streak and 20 Tests without defeat at home ended with this loss.

The opening Test of the series was a historic occasion for the host association, who was staging its first Test match, but the host team has now lost both the inaugural ODI and Test played on this ground, coincidently both to Australia.

After posting a paltry first-innings score of 105, India were never in the game, but like all low-scoring three-day affairs, this Test match too had its share of records, dubious and otherwise.

* The stadium at Gahunje in Pune became the 25th ground to host a Test match, which is by far the most hosted by any country in Test cricket. Next best is the 17 Test grounds in Pakistan.

* India have now played their Test matches at 80 different grounds, the most by any side in Tests. They went past the previous tally of 79 grounds by Pakistan.

Test sides appearing in most grounds

Team Ground  Home Away Most played at home   Most played away  
India 80 25 55 40 Eden Gardens, Kolkata 17 Lord’s, London
Pakistan 79 17 62 41 National Stadium, Karachi 15 Lord’s, London
New Zealand 74 8 66 59 Basin Reserve, Wellington 17 Lord’s, London
West Indies 74 12 62 60 Queen’s Park Oval, POS 20 Lord’s, London
Sri Lanka 72 8 64 40 Sinhalese SC, Colombo 8 Lord’s, London
England 71 10 61 131 Lord’s, London 55 Melbourne Cricket Ground
            55 Sydney Cricket Ground
Australia 70 9 61 109 Melbourne Cricket Ground 38 Lord’s, London
South Africa 62 11 51 54 Newlands, Cape Town 16 Lord’s, London
Zimbabwe 36 3 33s 34 Harare Sports Club 3 Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
            3 Sinhalese SC, Colombo
Bangladesh 35 7 28 15 National Stadium, Mirpur 5 Harare Sports Club
        15 ZAC Stadium, Chittagong    

* Matthew Renshaw at 20 years and 332 days became the youngest Australian to appear in a Test in India. The previous youngest was Steve Waugh in 1986, then aged 21 years and 108 days.

Youngest Australians to appear in a Test in India

Player Age Venue Date Result
Matthew Renshaw 20y-332d Pune,  February 23, 2017 Won
Steve Waugh 21y-108d Chennai, Chepauk September 18, 1986 Tie
Ian Craig 21y-129d Chennai, Corpn October 19, 1956 Won
Craig McDermott 21y-157d Chennai, Chepauk September 18, 1986 Tie
Gordon Rorke 21y-168d Delhi December 12, 1959 Won

* Renshaw, at 20y-332d, also became the youngest from his country to score a fifty (68) in India. Rick Darling (22y-156d) held the record previously for his 59 in Kanpur in 1979-80.

Youngest Australians to register a fifty in a Test in India

Player Age Runs Venue Date Result
Matthew Renshaw 20y-332d 68 Pune February 23, 2017 Won
Rick Darling 22y-156d 59 Kanpur October 2, 1979 Lost
Peter Sleep 22y-167d 64 Delhi October 13, 1979 Drawn
Norman O’Neill 22-318d 163 Mumbai, BS January 1, 1960 Drawn
Mitchell Starc 23y-45d 99 Mohali March 14, 2013 Lost

* Mitchell Starc, who became the 101st Australian to aggregate 1000 runs in Tests, also became the 14th player from his country to do the double of 1000 runs and 100 wickets in Tests.

* R Ashwin has now taken his tally to 68 this season, the most by any bowler on Indian soil. He went past the previous tally of Kapil Dev who claimed 63 wickets during the 1979-80 season in 13 matches. Ashwin is playing his 10th match.

Most Test wickets in an Indian cricket season

Bowler Wkts Season Mts Balls Mdns Runs Ave Best 5w 10m
R Ashwin 68 2016-17 10 3455 103 1680 24.71 7-59 6 3
Kapil Dev 63 1979-80 13 2832 116 1276 20.25 7-56 5 1
R Ashwin 61 2012-13 10 3405 142 1556 25.51 7-103 7 2
Anil Kumble 54 2004-05 9 3332 122 1670 30.93 7-48 5 2
Ravindra Jadeja 51 2016-17 10 3367 143 1296 25.41 7-48 2 1

* Virat Kohli recorded his fifth Test duck. It was his first as captain and also his first at home. His last one came in England in August 2014 at Old Trafford. Since then he has gone 44 innings without a duck, while scoring 2629 runs at an average of 62.60, with ten hundreds and five fifties. His five ducks were registered after he faced 2, 1, 1, 2, 2 balls.

* KL Rahul made 60.95% of the runs while scoring a 64 in India’s first-innings 105. It is the fourth-highest percentage of runs scored by an Indian batsman in a Test innings.

Highest percentage of runs in a completed innings by Indians

Batsman % Runs Total Opposition Venue Date Result
VVS Laxman 63.98 167 261+  Australia Sydney January 2000 Lost
Mohinder Amarnath 61.85 60 97# West Indies Kingston April 1976 Lost
Virender Sehwag 61.09 201* 329 Sri Lanka Galle July 2008 Won
KL Rahul 60.95 64 105 Australia Pune February 2017 Lost
Kapil Dev 60.00 129 215 South Africa Port Elizabeth December 1992 Lost

* India, who were averaging 514 runs in the first innings this season, were dismissed for a paltry 105, their fifth lowest against Australia and their second lowest against the same opponent at home. By scoring 107 in the second innings, India’s match aggregate of 212 runs is their lowest in a home Test while losing all 20 wickets.

Lowest match totals for India in Tests

Total 1st 2nd Opponent Venue Month, Year Result
140 58 82 England Manchester July 1952 Lost
156 58 98 Australia Brisbane December 1947 Lost
166 100 66 South Africa Durban December 1996 Lost
212 105 107 Australia Pune February 2017 Lost
240 147 93 England Lord’s June 1936 Lost

Note: The 74 overs faced by the Indian batsman in this match is the fewest they have faced in any Test at home.

* In the first innings, India lost their last seven wickets for 11 runs in 48 balls in 38 minutes. It was by far their worst collapse while losing their last seven wickets. Previously they had lost as many wickets for 18 runs (146 for 3 to 164) against New Zealand in Christchurch in Feb 1990. They lost their last seven for 30 runs in the second innings of this match, from 77 for 3 to 107.

India’s worst collapses in Tests (losing seven wickets for fewest runs)

Wkts Runs From To Opponent Venue Month, Year Result Inns
7 11 94/3 105/10 Australia Pune February 2017 Lost 1
7 18 146/3 164/10 New Zealand Christchurch February 1990 Lost 1
7 21 75/3 96/10 England Lord’s August 1979 Drawn 1
7 21 262/3 283/10 England The Oval August 2011 Lost 2
7 23 59/3 82/10 England Manchester July 1952 Lost 2

* Steve O’Keefe’s 6 for 35, his best bowling in Tests, made him the ninth left-arm spinner to take a six-wicket haul against India. He became the 11th Australian left-arm spinner to take a six-plus wickets against any opponent. The last one to do so was Michael Clarke (6 for 9) also against India in Mumbai in November 2004.

* Steve Smith (109) registered his 18th Test 100 in the second innings, his fifth against India in as many matches, his first in India (previous highest: 92 in Mohali in March 2013), his second in Asia (after his 119 in Colombo, SSC, in August 2016), his eighth in an away Test, and his tenth as captain.

* Smith became the 11th Australian to make 1000 runs against India in Tests. By doing so in his 14th innings, he equalled the Aussie record held by Matthew Hayden, who also took the same number of innings to reach the landmark. The batsman to do so the quickest was West Indian Everton Weekes who took just nine innings to reach his 1000th run in February 1953.

Fewest innings to aggregate 1000 runs against India in Tests

Batsman Inns Tests For Achieved on Runs Ave HS 100s 50s
Everton Weekes 9 7 WI February 7, 1953 1033 114.78 207 5 2
Younus Khan 11 6 Pak January 30, 2006 1061 106.10 267 4 3
Andy Flower 13 7 Zim June 16, 2001 1027 128.38 232* 3 6
Matthew Hayden 14 7 Aus January 6, 2004 1000 83.33 203 3 5
Mahela Jayawardene 14 10 SL July 24, 2008 1018 72.71 242 4 5
Steve Smith 14 7 Aus February 24, 2017 1066 88.83 192 5 3

* By reaching his 18th Test century in his 94 innings, Smith is now the fourth quickest to reach this landmark in fewest innings.

Fewest innings to aggregate to reach 18th Test century

Batsman Inns Tests For Achieved on Runs Ave HS 50s
Don Bradman 51 33 Aus February 26, 1937 4659 97.06 334 7
Sunil Gavaskar 82 43 Ind January 2, 1979 4240 56.53 220 17
Matthew Hayden 87 51 Aus March 10, 2004 4659 58.97 380 14
Steve Smith 94 51 Aus February 25, 2017 4888 60.35 215 20
Sachin Tendulkar 99 65 Ind January 31, 1999 4956 55.07 179 20

* By registering his tenth Test century as captain in his 37 innings, Smith is now the third quickest to reach this landmark.

Fewest innings to aggregate to reach 10th Test century as captain

Batsman Inns Tests For Achieved on Runs Ave HS 50s
Don Bradman 26 17 Aus January 1, 1948 2254 98.00 270 5
Mahela Jayawardene 36 22 SL July 24, 2008 2308 67.88 374 3
Steve Smith 37 21 Aus February 25, 2017 2348 73.88 192 9
Steve Waugh 43 28 Aus August 24, 2001 2073 57.58 199 2
Michael Clarke 47 27 Aus August 1, 2013 2867 65.16 329* 3

* O’Keefe’s 12 for 70 is the best match bowling performance in a Test by an Australian bowler against India, bettering Alan Davidson’s 12 for 124 at Kanpur in December 1959. It is the second-best by any bowler against India, just behind Ian Botham’s 13 for 106 in Mumbai in February 1980.

Best match figures against India in Tests

Bowler Wkts Runs For Venue Month, Year Result Bowling
Ian Botham 13 106 England Mumbai WS February 1980 Won Right arm fast medium
Steve O’Keefe 12 70 Australia Pune February 2017 Won Left arm slow
Fazal Mahmood  12 94 Pakistan Lucknow October 1952 Won Right arm fast medium
Andy Roberts 12 121 West Indies Chennai January 1975 Lost Right arm fast
Alan Davidson 12 124 Australia Kanpur December 1959 Lost Left arm fast
Bruce Reid 12 126 Australia Melbourne December 1991 Won Left arm fast
Allan Donald 12 139 South Africa Port Elizabeth December 1992 Won Right arm fast
Geoff Dymock 12 166 Australia Kanpur October 1979 Lost Left arm fast medium
Nathan Lyon 12 286 Australia Adelaide December 2014 Won Right arm off-break
Jason Krejza 12 358 Australia Nagpur November 2008 Lost Right arm off-break

* O’Keefe became the only fourth left-arm spinner to take a ten-wicket haul against India after Englishman Hedley Verity (11 for 153) in Chennai in 1934, Pakistani Iqbal Qasim (10 for 175) in Mumbai in December 1979 and England’s Monty Panesar (11 for 210) in Mumbai in November 2012.

* Ravindra Jadeja has now taken 100 wickets (101) at home, of which 51 have come this season. He became the 11th bowler (all Indians) to capture 100 or more Test wickets on Indian soil. The quickest was R Ashwin, who did so in his 16th match in November 2015, followed by Harbhajan Singh (in October 2004) and Jadeja, both of whom needed 19 Tests.

100+ Test wickets on Indian soil

Player Wkts Mts Overs Mdns Runs Best Ave SR 5w 10m
Anil Kumble   350 63 3465.2 895 8710 10-74 24.88 59.41 25 7
Harbhajan Singh   265 55 2831.3 565 7624 8-84 28.76 64.11 18 4
Kapil Dev   219 65 2035.1 467 5803 9-83 26.49 55.76 11 2
R Ashwin   194 29 1550 340 4317 7-59 22.25 47.94 19 6
BS Chandrasekhar   142 32 1530.5 408 3933 8-79 27.69 64.68 8 1
Bishan Singh Bedi   137 30 1731.5 649 3287 7-98 23.99 75.85 8 0
Javagal Srinath   108 32 1005 248 2874 8-86 26.61 55.83 5 1
Zaheer Khan   104 38 1218.1 258 3731 5-72 35.87 70.28 3 0
Vinoo Mankad   103 23 1294.3 416 2733 8-52 26.53 75.41 4 2
Pragyan Ojha   101 20 1070.1 262 2779 6-47 27.51 63.57 7 1
Ravindra Jadeja   101 19 965.2 286 2081 7-48 20.60 57.35 5 1

* The final wicket of the Test match was Nathan Lyon’s 50th against India in his 11th Test match. He became the 24th bowler to get to the landmark against India. Sri Lankan M Muralidharan is the only one with over 100 wickets (105 in 22 Tests). Lyon is the fifth Australian to take 50 or more wickets against India. The others: Brett Lee 53 wickets in 11 Tests, Richie Benaud 52 in eight, Glenn McGrath 51 in 11, Mitchell Johnson 50 in 11.

* India’s loss by 333 runs is their fourth largest in terms of runs, of which three have come against Australia.

* Australia won a Test in India after 12 years, four months and 11 Tests. Their last win before this one was in Nagpur on November 29, 2004. The last time Australia won a Test in Asia was in Galle on September 3, 2011, by 125 runs.