R Ashwin

R Ashwin became the quickest to 200 wickets at home and continued to rewrite the record books. © BCCI

When India were bowled out for 189 on day one of the Bangalore Test, not even the most die-hard supporter would have fathomed that the hosts would carve out a win well inside the fourth day. By claiming eight wickets, Nathan Lyon became the only visiting spinner to do so in Asia on the opening day of a Test match. It was, however, India’s pace bowlers, Ishant Sharma and Umesh Yadav, who fought back on the second day with tight spells to ensure that the Australian lead wasn’t alarming. However, what turned it around for India was the stubborn partnership between Cheteshwar Pujara and Ajinkya Rahane, and fifties in each innings by opener KL Rahul. With six-wicket hauls in each innings from spin twins Ravindra Jadeja and R Ashwin respectively, India registered their ninth Test victory in 11 Tests (with one loss and one draw) this home season.

Given below are the relevant stats of the Bangalore Test.

** Nathan Lyon, with 58 wickets, now has the most Test wickets against India for an Australian bowler. He went past the previous record of 53 wickets held by Brett Lee. He is now the fourth highest Test wicket-taker among spin bowlers against India.

Most Test wickets for each country against India

For Bowler Mts Balls Runs Wkts Ave R/o S/R 5w 10m Best
Sri Lanka M Muralitharan 22 7020 3425 105 32.61 2.92 66.86 7 2 8\87
Pakistan Imran Khan  23 5078 2260 94 24.04 2.67 54.02 6 2 8\60
England James Anderson 22 4935 2423 86 28.17 2.94 57.38 3 0 5\42
West Indies Malcolm Marshall  17 3507 1671 76 21.98 2.85 46.14 6 1 6\37
New Zealand Richard Hadlee  14 3106 1493 65 22.96 2.88 47.78 4 2 7\23
South Africa Dale Steyn 13 2616 1349 63 21.41 3.09 41.52 5 1 7\51
Australia Nathan Lyon 12 3153 1858 58 32.03 3.53 54.36 4 1 8\50
Zimbabwe Heath Streak  9 1957 889 30 29.63 2.72 65.23 1 0 6\73
Bangladesh {Mohd Rafique 5 1320 696 15 46.4 3.16 88 0 0 4\156
  {Shakib Al Hasan 6 1084 642 15 42.8 3.55 72.27 1 0 5\62

Most Test wickets by spin bowlers against India

Bowler For Mts Balls Runs Wkts Ave R/o S/R 5i 10m Best Bowling Style
M Muralitharan Sri Lanka 22 7020 3425 105 32.61 2.92 66.86 7 2 8/87 ROB
Lance Gibbs West Indies 15 4793 1467 63 23.28 1.83 76.08 4 0 8/38 ROB
Derek Underwood England 20 4995 1699 62 27.4 2.04 80.56 1 0 5/84 LAS
Nathan Lyon Australia 12 3153 1858 58 32.03 3.53 54.36 4 1 8/50 ROB
Richie Benaud Australia 8 2953 956 52 18.38 1.94 56.79 5 1 7/72 RLB
Danish Kaneria Pakistan 11 3189 1784 43 41.48 3.35 74.16 2 0 6/150 RLB
Shane Warne Australia 14 3925 2029 43 47.18 3.1 91.28 1 0 6/125 RLB
Graeme Swann England 10 2570 1340 41 32.68 3.12 62.68 2 0 6/106 ROB
Daniel Vettori New Zealand 15 4264 1937 40 48.42 2.72 106.6 2 0 6/127 LAS

****

Lyon’s 8 for 50 in India’s first innings is the

* 6th best by an Australian bowler in Tests

* 2nd best by an Aussie spinner in Tests

* 3rd best by an Aussie bowler in an away Test match

* Best figures by an Aussie bowler in Asia

* 4th best figures by any bowler against India

* Best by a visiting bowler in India

* Best figures in a Bangalore Test

Best Test bowling for Australia in Tests

Wkts Runs Bowler Inns Opposition Venue Month, Year Result Bowling style
9 121 Arthur Mailey 3 England Melbourne Feb-21 Won spin – right arm leg-break
8 24 Glenn McGrath 4 Pakistan Perth Dec-04 Won Pace – right arm fast medium
8 31 Frank Laver 2 England Manchester Jul-09 Drawn Pace – right arm fast medium
8 38 Glenn McGrath 1 England Lord’s Jun-97 Drawn Pace – right arm fast medium
8 43 Albert Trott 4 England Adelaide Jan-1895 Won Pace – right arm fast medium
8 50 Nathan Lyon 1 India Bengaluru Mar-17 Lost spin – right arm off-break

Best Test bowling by visiting bowlers in subcontinent

Wkts Runs Bowler Inns For  Opp Venue Month, Year Result Bowling style
8 50 Nathan Lyon 1 Aus  Ind Bengaluru Mar-17 Lost spin – right arm off-break
8 64 Lance Klusener 4 SAf  Ind Kolkata Nov-96 Won Pace – right arm fast medium
8 108 Stuart MacGill 1 Aus  Ban Fatullah Apr-06 Won spin – right arm leg-break
8 215 Jason Krejza 1 Aus  Ind Nagpur Nov-08 Lost spin – right arm off-break
7 43 Ray Lindwall 3 Aus Ind Chennai Oct-56 Won Pace – right arm fast
7 46 John Lever 2 Eng  Ind Delhi Dec-76 Won Pace – left arm fast medium
7 48 Ian Botham 3 Eng  Ind Mumbai Feb-80 Won Pace – right arm fast medium
7 49 Hedley Verity 2 Eng  Ind Chennai Feb-34 Won spin – left arm
7 51 Dale Steyn 2 SAf  Ind Nagpur Feb-10 Won Pace – right arm fast
7 52 Chris Pringle 1 NZ  Pak Faisalabad Oct-90 Lost Pace – right arm fast medium

***

** Lyon’s figures of 8 for 50 are the fourth best in the history of Test cricket by a spinner on the opening day of a Test and the best figures by any visiting spinner on the first day.

Spinners capturing eight or more wickets on the opening day of a Test

Bowl Bowler For Opp Total Venue Date Result Bowling style
9-51 M Muralitharan  SL Zim 236 Kandy 4-Jan-02 Won ROB
9-56 Abdul Qadir Pak  Eng 175 Lahore 25-Nov-87 Won RLB
9-102 Subash Gupte Ind  WI 222 Kanpur 12-Dec-58 Lost RLB
8-50 Nathan Lyon Aus  Ind 189 Bangalore 24-Mar-17 Lost ROB
8-59 Charlie Blythe Eng  SAf 110 Leeds 29-Jul-07 Won LAS
8-81 Len Braund Eng  Aus 247 Melbourne 5-Mar-04 Lost RLB
8-87 M Muralitharan SL  Ind 234 Colombo (SSC) 29-Aug-01 Won ROB
8-104 Alf Valentine WI  Eng 312 Manchester 08-06-1950+ Lost LAS
+ debut                

Blythe’s feat came against the side batting second

Spinners capturing seven or more wickets on the opening day of a Test match in India

Bowl Bowler For Opp Total Venue Date Result Bowling style
9-102 Subash Gupte Ind  WI 222/10 Kanpur 12-Dec-58 Lost RLB
8-50 Nathan Lyon Aus  Ind 189/10 Bangalore 24-Mar-17 Lost ROB
7-27 Maninder Singh Ind Pak 116/10 Bangalore 13-Mar-87 Lost LAS
7-48 Anil Kumble Ind Aus 235/10 Chennai 14-Oct-04 Drawn RLB
7-49 Ghulam Ahmed Ind  Aus 177/10 Kolkata 2-Nov-56 Lost ROB

Note: Lyon is the only visiting bowler in the above list

***

** R Ashwin has dismissed David Warner on nine occasions in 12 Tests – the most he has dismissed any batsman in his Test career. Further, it is also the most times that Warner has fallen to any bowler in his Test career.

Test victims of R Ashwin – most times

Victim For Dism Bld LBW Ct St Batting style
David Warner Aus 9 2 4 3 0 Left
Alastair Cook Eng 7 1 0 5 1 Left
Ed Cowan Aus 7 1 2 3 1 Left
Darren Bravo WI 6 2 1 3 0 Left
Marlon Samuels WI 6 2 1 3 0 Right
Mitchell Starc Aus 6 2 0 4 0 Left

Test nemeses of David Warner – most times

Nemesis For Dism Bld LBW Ct St Bowling style
R Ashwin Ind 9 2 4 3 0 ROB
James Anderson Eng 7 0 2 5 0 RF
Umesh Yadav Ind 5 2 0 3 0 RF
Stuart Broad Eng 5 2 0 3 0 RFM

***

** Only one Aussie batsman has made a Test fifty in Asia before the age of 21, Matt Renshaw, and he now has two — 68 in Pune and 60 in Bangalore. Among visiting batsmen in Asia, only West Indian Kraigg Brathwaite has made more.

Most Test fifties by visiting batsman in Asia before the age of 21

50+ Batsman For in country Period
3 Kraigg Brathwaite WI 2 in India, 1 in Bangladesh  Oct-Nov 2011
2 Terry Jarvis NZ 1 in India, 1 in Pakistan Mar-Apr 1965
2 Kane Williamson NZ 2 in India Nov-10
2 Haseeb Hameed Eng 2 in India Nov-16
2 Matt Renshaw Aus 2 in India Feb-Mar 2017

Notes:

* All the three 50s of Brathwaite came at the age of 18

* Williamson’s two fifties includes a century

***

** Ashwin has now taken his tally of Test wickets to 269 in 47 Test matches. In doing so, he went past the tally of 266 wickets by Bishan Singh Bedi. Ashwin now occupies fifth position among Indian bowlers with most Test wickets. During this Test, Ashwin also became the 19th bowler in Test cricket to claim 200 or more Test wickets on home soil, and the fourth Indian bowler to do so.

Bowler Mts Balls Runs Wkts Ave R/o S/R 5i 10m Best
Anil Kumble 63 20794 8710 350 24.89 2.51 59.41 25 7 10/74
Harbhajan Singh 55 16989 7624 265 28.77 2.69 64.11 18 4 8/84
Kapil Dev 65 12211 5803 219 26.5 2.85 55.76 11 2 9/83
R Ashwin 30 9670 4442 202 21.99 2.76 47.87 20 6 7/59

** In achieving the landmark of 200 Test wickets at home in just 30 Tests, Ashwin is now the quickest to do so.

Fewest Tests to claim 200 wickets at home

Mts Bowler For Balls Runs Wkts Ave R/o S/r 5w 10m Best Achieved on
30 R Ashwin India 9670 4442 202 21.99 2.76 47.87 20 6 7/59 7-Mar-17
35 Anil Kumble India 11035 4327 203 21.32 2.35 54.36 15 4 10/74 24-Feb-02
36 Dennis Lillee Australia 9318 4474 201 22.26 2.88 46.36 14 4 7/83 29-Dec-81
37 M Muralidharan Sri Lanka 11878 4569 201 22.73 2.31 59.09 16 3 8/87 6-Sep-01
37 Dale Steyn South Africa 8014 4261 202 21.09 3.19 39.67 14 3 6/8 30-Dec-13

** Ashwin’s 6 for 41 in the second innings is the 25th five-wicket haul of his Test career. He thus became the 11th Test bowler overall and the third Indian, after Anil Kumble (35) and Harbhajan Singh (25), to reach this landmark.

Bowlers to reach 25 five-wicket hauls in fewest Tests

Bowler For Tests Inns Total 5 wkt hauls
R Ashwin   India 47 88 25
Richard Hadlee    New Zealand 62 111 36
M Muralidharan   Sri Lanka 63 100 67
Rangana Herath    Sri Lanka 73 132 28
Ian Botham     England 75 128 27
Dale Steyn     South Africa 76 144 26
Anil Kumble    India 86  150 35
Harbhajan Singh     India 93  170   25
Wasim Akram   Pakistan 96  168  25
Glenn McGrath  Australia 104 203 29
Shane Warne    Australia 108 201 37

***

** After claiming a record 8 for 50 on the opening day, Lyon was wicketless in the second innings, finishing with 0 for 82. In the history of Test cricket, only one other bowler, England’s Angus Fraser, before Lyon, has the dubious distinction of claiming an eight-wicket haul in the first innings and going wicketless in the second innings where all 20 opposition wickets fell.

Eight-wicket haul in the first innings but wicketless in the second

1st inns (ov)  2nd inns (ov) Bowler For Opp Venue Month, Year (Result)
8-75  (28.5)    0-40 (17.0)   Angus Fraser    Eng  WI  Bridgetown  Apr-94 (WON)  
8-50  (22.2)    0-82 (33.0)   Nathan Lyon      Aus Ind  Bangalore Mar-17 (Lost)  

Wicketless in the first innings but an eight-wicket haul in the second

1st inns (ov)  2nd inns (ov) Bowler For Opp Venue Month, Year (Result)
0-9 (3.0) 8-43 (27.0) Albert Trott# Aus Eng Adelaide Jan 1895 (WON)
0-29 (7.0) 8-107 (32.4) Bernard Bosanquet  Eng Aus Nottingham May-05 (WON)
0-17  (5.0) 8-34 (20.5) Ian Botham Eng Pak Lord’s Jun-78 (WON)
0-72 (30.0)+ 8-43 (15.1) Bob Willis Eng Aus Leeds Jul-81 (WON)
0-75 (14.0) 8-64 (21.3) Lance Klusener# SAf Ind Kolkata Dec-96 (WON)
+ Aus declared after 9 wickets              
# on debut              

***

** India have now successfully defended targets of 200 or less on six occasions. Interestingly, three of these victories have come against the Aussies. Incidentally, India’s win by 75 runs is the third biggest margin in Test history when targets of less than 200 have been successfully defended.

Targets of less than 200 runs successfully defended by India

Target  Opponent  Total  Overs Won by   Venue      Date Day Best bowling
107 Australia  93 30.5 13 runs   Mumbai WS  5-Nov-04 3 Harbhajan 5/29
143 Australia  83 48.4 59 runs   Melbourne  11-Feb-81 5 Kapil Dev 5/28
170 South Africa  105 38.5 64 runs   Ahmedabad  23-Nov-96 4 J Srinath 6/21
188 New Zealand  127 69.5 60 runs   Mumbai BS   30-Sep-69 5 Bishan Bedi 6/42
188 Australia 112 35.4 75 runs Bangalore 7-Mar-17 4 R Ashwin 6/41
192 England  163 91 28 runs   Kolkata 4-Jan-73 5 Bishan Bedi 5/63

Biggest victory margins when targets of less than 200 have been successfully defended

Victory Margin Target  Won by Opp Opp total   Venue      Date Day
147 194 WI Eng 147 Port of Spain 30-Mar-94 5
89 170 Aus SAf 80 Melbourne 4-Jan-11 4
75 188 Ind Aus 112 Bangalore 7-Mar-17 4
72 137 NZ Eng 64 Wellington 15-Feb-78 5
72 145 Pak Eng 72 Abu Dhabi 28-Jan-12 4